Baylor Legal Fees Rise After Sexual Assault Lawsuits

Baylor University’s legal fees have skyrocketed over the past few years due to multiple lawsuits, investigations and settlements involving sexual assault and other issues.

Baylor University’s legal fees have almost quadrupled in the last year and have been steadily increasing over the last few years.

Their IRS tax forms show that since 2009, the amount has increased by around $8 million after drawn-out sexual assault investigations and major lawsuits and settlements, reports the Waco Tribune.

During the 2015-16 school year, Baylor hired law firm Pepper Hamilton LLP for $4.2 million to investigate how the school handles their sexual violence reports. During that year, Baylor spent more than $11 million in legal fees.

Baylor claimed the documents were legally protected from being made public, but the judge ruled that Baylor waived that privilege when they announced certain details in a 13-page summary, according to The Texas Tribune.

Some major findings from the report include:

  • Baylor didn’t effectively implement Title IX and Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act
  • Baylor’s didn’t take action to identify and eliminate a potentially hostile environment, prevent recurrence or address its effects for individuals or the community
  • University administrators discouraged complainants from reporting or participating in student conduct processes
  • The school didn’t identify and respond to a pattern of sexual violence by a football player and take action in response to reports of sexual assault by multiple football players
  • There were significant concerns about the tone and culture within Baylor’s football program as it relates to accountability for all forms of athlete misconduct
baylor legal fees

The chart above shows the spike in Baylor’s spending from 2009 up until 2017, when they spent almost $9 million in legal fees. Image: IRS Filings (from Waco Tribune article)

Baylor sexual assault victims have come forward to claim the university mishandled their cases by denying them of educational rights after the assaults. The victims also believe the school’s own policies elevated the sexual assault trend on campus.


After releasing the summary of the investigation, along with the recommendations from the firm, Baylor announced there would be changes in leadership. They fired Ken Starr from presidency and head football coach Art Briles.

It is reported that a deposition took place in June when Regent Phil Stewart administered his own investigation on the work of Pepper Hamilton.

“Baylor claims it wants to support sexual assault but instead spends millions fighting and victimizing them,” Jim Dunnam, an attorney involved in the sexual assault cases said. “Four dollars, much less $4 million, is too much to spend to conduct a sham investigation.”

Many believe Baylor has been covering up the sexual assaults on their campus for years.

To add to their legal issues and spending, Baylor settled with four different women who sued under Title IX.

There are multiple investigations in the works from the U.S. Department of Education as well. They are exploring Baylor’s Title IX and crime reporting procedures.

Peter Lake, a law professor at Stetson believes higher-ed schools are facing more legal expenses than ever and are not prepared.

“This is a sign of the times,” Lake said. “We’re seeing more legalization of higher education activity, and it’s turning into the need for expensive legal services.”

You can read all the Campus Safety articles on Baylor University here.

About the Author


Katie Malafronte is Campus Safety's Web Editor. She graduated from the University of Rhode Island in 2017 with a Bachelor's Degree in Communication Studies and a minor in Writing & Rhetoric. Katie has been CS's Web Editor since 2018.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get Our Newsletters
Campus Safety Online Summit Promo Campus Safety HQ